The 12th Summer Paralympic Games, held in Athens, Greece in 2004, benefited from an integrated organising committee that was responsible for both the Olympic and Paralympic Games. All Paralympic sports used the same competitive venues as the Olympic Games and the national teams were housed at the athletes’ village. The entry fee for Paralympians was scrapped for the first time in the history of the Games. There were 19 sports, of which three were new to Paralympic competition: 5-a-side football for the visually impaired, and women’s competitions in sitting volleyball and judo. All traditional disability groups were represented, except for athletes with an intellectual disability, who were banned following the scandal in Sydney in 2000 involving the Spanish basketball team.
Although the 2004 Paralympic Games were broadcast to 1.6 billion viewers throughout 49 countries, in many cases in live feeds, no American television network broadcast the event until almost 2 months after the Games.
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