1968, Tel Aviv


The 1968 Paralympic Games, originally scheduled for Mexico, but instead held in Tel Aviv, were marked by Middle East politics. Israel’s Six Day War against Egypt, Jordan and Syria was just over a year old, and during the Games hostilities between neighbouring countries continued. In an attempt to depoliticize the Paralympics, the Tel Aviv Games abandoned national anthems, flags at medal presentation ceremonies, and an official medal tally. For many Australian athletes, the Tel Aviv Games demonstrated the impossibility of separating sport, including disability sport, from international politics.

Unique/Special Features:
Evoking memories of Rome, eight years earlier, accommodation for Australian athletes in Tel Aviv was inadequate. Gary Hooper and Bruno Moretti recall the Australian team’s challenging living situation. The Games in Tel Aviv also marked the retirement of three of Australia’s most successful female competitors: Elizabeth Mills (nee Edmondson) who had won five gold medals, and one silver in her Paralympic career; Lorraine Dodd who had secured five Paralympic medals; and Daphne Ceeney, Australia’s first female Paralympic gold medalist, who retired with fourteen Paralympic medals to her name. Ceeney’s feats were recognised with prominent roles in the Paralympic torch relay and the opening ceremony of the athletes’ village for the Sydney 2000 Paralympic and Olympic Games.


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